With the Treaty of Lisbon, member states created an Area of Freedom, Security and Justice, one in which people can move around freely and yet remain safe from crime, as well as have their interests protected by the courts. The Treaty of Lisbon has enabled:
The Treaty of Lisbon was signed on 13 December 2007 and entered into force on 1 December 2009.
The-then new Treaty enabled the full transition from an inter-governmental approach to judicial and police cooperation (the so-called 3rd Pillar of the Maastricht Treaty) to a Union-based approach. It also provided for a 5-year transition period, after which the European Commission’s enforcement powers under Article 258 TFEU consolidated to cover both pre and post-Lisbon EU law. Under the Treaties, Denmark, Ireland and the United Kingdom enjoy a special status in the Area of Freedom Security and Justice.
With the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty, the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights became legally binding. Since then, individuals enjoy and can enforce the personal, civic, political, economic and social rights enshrined in it.
Treaty of Lisbon: Title V – An area of Freedom, Security and Justice
Protocol 19: Integrating the Schengen acquis into European Union Law
Protocol 21: On the position of the United Kingdom and the Republic of Ireland in the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice
Protocol 22: On the position of the Kingdom of Denmark in the Area of Freedom, Security and Justice
Protocol 36: Providing transitional measures in the field of police co-operation and judicial cooperation in criminal matters